There are some places on the moon that are wetter than some pretty dry places on earth, like the Sahara Desert. According to the results of an experiment conducted last October by NASA scientists, water, in the form of ice, mixed with soil, was discovered at the bottom of a crater which never sees light, near the south pole of the moon. The dry Sahara sands vary in their water content from about 2 to 5 percent. The water content in the soil in the 60-mile-wide, 2-mile-deep crater named Cabeus was estimated to range from 5.6 percent to as much as 8.5 percent.
NASA scientists, who have been pushing for a return of earthlings to the moon, believe that it would be possible to use this water for drinking after extraction from the soil and then purification. They also speculate that the water could even be used for rocket fuel after the moon water is broken down into its component parts, hydrogen and oxygen, using the fuel to either get back home to earth, or travel on to Mars and beyond.
Unfortunately the hopes of NASA for further moon explorations have recently been dashed. Despite the fact that five years ago the Bush administration supported NASA’s new “Constellation” program to send astronauts back to the moon, President Obama nixed the plan, stating that the plan is too expensive, and anyway “we have already been there.” A compromise plan was reached, passed by Congress and signed by Obama just last week, postponing the program for now, at least for explorers of the human variety.