Researchers have found that children with peanut allergies are far more likely to have a reaction at home than they are anywhere else. The University of Montreal team looked at 1941 children who were recruited from allergy clinics and had been diagnosed with peanut allergies. All of the children in the study had had a previous problem with peanuts.
Children participated in the study, on average, for two years, and they were, on average, 6.9 years of age. 37% of the accidental exposure that happened during the study occurred in homes. Other people’s home and restaurants only accounted for 14.3% and 9.3% of the issues.
As the lead author, Sabrine Cherkaoui, of the University of Montreal, said: “We discovered that children are most at risk of exposure in their own homes.”
Interestingly, they found that the incidents of accidental exposure decreased as the study went on, showing that the children and parents learned better avoidance strategies along the way.
The most significant finding of the study, however, wasn’t one that they were expecting. As Ms Cherkaoui explained, “The most significant finding of this study is the discovery that most moderate and severe accidental exposures are managed inappropriately by caregivers and physicians. We believe that more education is required on the importance of strict allergen avoidance and the need for prompt and correct management of anaphylaxis.”