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Warning: Sliding With a Child on Your Lap Is Dangerous

This is a fascinating and important point that most parents probably don’t know. When you go down a slide with a child on your lap, you are actually putting them at risk. A study published by the American Academy of Pediatrics has found that children are more likely to injure their lower leg or shinbone if they are seating on a parent’s lap when they go down a slide.

A child sliding by himself is unlikely to break a bone if his foot catches on the edge or bottom of the equipment, but on a parent’s lap he will be sliding faster and the force is more likely to snap the bone if a foot gets caught.

The study’s lead author from the University of Iowa, Dr Charles Jennissen, said: “Many parents and caregivers go down a slide with a young child on their lap without giving it a second thought.”

The study explained that, “The majority of injuries sustained on slides by infants and young toddlers are lower extremity fractures and sliding down on a parent’s lap is the primary cause of these injuries.”

 

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Did You Damage Your Eyes During the Eclipse?

The experts certainly made it very clear that people should not look directly into the sun during the recent solar eclipse. But if you did look at it without protective eyewear, you are probably worried that you may have damaged your eyes. But have you?

Google Trends showed a spike on Tuesday morning, after the eclipse, of people searching for “eye pain.”

How do you know if you actually damaged your eyes? Symptoms can begin just a few hours after exposure, or they can take a few days to develop.

Symptoms that you should consider include:

* Watery eyes that last for more than a minute

* Soreness and discomfort when moving your eye

* Sensitivity towards bright lights near you

* Blurriness or blind spots in the center of your vision

If you are still unsure whether or not you damaged your eyes, you can look at the Amster Grid eye test which is used by doctors to detect issues with vision. You can print the grid that they offer and place it 14-16 inches from your eyes.

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Is Ice Cream on the Decline?

It may be shocking to hear this but…global ice cream sales have actually seen a dramatic drop lately. Last year, ice cream sales across the world totaled 13 billion liters while in 2015 they totaled 15.6 billion litres.

Why the difference? Market experts are hypothesizing that it’s because of the growing health concern that people have around the world. As Alex Beckett, the global food and drink analyst at Mintel, said “More people are aware of the sugar content of food they are eating now. They are going into the ice cream chiller with their diet in mind. While the industry is very competitive, prices have also had to go up due to cost hikes. People are eating less ice cream but when they do buy it, they want the good stuff – for example gelatos or Magnums.”

Interestingly, China is the largest ice cream consumer with sales at 4.3 billion litres in 2016. The per capita consumption, however, is larger is Norway where they ate 9.8 litres per person last year.

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Does Your Teenager Really Need to Sleep in so Late?

In a fascinating study of almost 54,000 people from 2003 to 2014, researchers at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health found that teenagers aren’t just making you crazy about their sleep patterns in order to make you crazy. They actually have a different need for sleep than do adults. Their body clock makes them ready to go to sleep at about 12:30am and ready to then wake up at about 8:30am. For 60 year olds, in contrast, it’s 11pm to sleep and 7am to rise.

It is currently unknown why teenagers are better off with these sleep patterns; the patterns are seen to change at about 19.

The research has been published in the journal PLOS One. As the researchers explained, ‘The timing for optimal sleep can be as different as 10 hours among individuals, meaning that opposite chronotypes could share a bed without knowing that they do. What chronotype you are, is influenced by age and gender – on average, older people are earlier chronotypes than younger people and women are earlier chronotypes than men during the first half of their lives.’

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The Fashion Industry Should Take Note…

Most people have noticed more robust size models on the runways and in magazines than ever before. Now, research shows that these models just might be helping our psyches. Women experience a boost in their mental health after seeing a larger model compared to when they see underweight ones according to Florida State University and their recent research published in the journal Communication Monographs.

As Russell Clayton, the lead author of the study said, “We found overwhelmingly that there is a clear psychological advantage when the media shows more realistic body types than the traditional thin model.”

The researchers recruited 49 women who wanted to lose weight and showed them images of thin, average and larger fashion models on a TV screen. The researchers then looked at their pshycho-physological response (the interplay between the mind and the body). The women, not surprisingly, expressed less body satisfaction when they saw the thin models and they paid less attention to the thinner models. When they viewed the larger models, they felt more satisfied with their own looks.

Jessica Ridgway, an assistant professor who worked on the study said, “Women made fewer social comparisons, felt increased body satisfaction, paid more attention to and remembered average and plus-size models. Therefore, it might be a useful persuasive strategy for media producers to employ plus-size models if the goal of the campaign is to capture attention while also promoting body positivity.”

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Bypass Weight-Loss Surgery Causes More Alcoholism?

Here is a very strange statistic. 20% of patients who undergo one of the surgical procedures develops a drinking problem according to research from the University of Pittsburgh. The research was published in the journal Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. Now, this varies depending on which type of weight-loss surgery. Apparently, the gastric bypass patients have twice the risk of alcohol abuse as compared to those who have a band fitted.

The study has found that within five years of a bypass, 20.8% of patients develop symptoms of alcohol abuse as compared to 11.3% who have the band. While this study doesn’t explain the issue, another study suggested that the gastric bypass causes a higher elevation of alcohol in the blood than does the weight-loss band and that this results in alcohol being more addictive than usual. Following more than 2000 patients who participated in a weight-loss surgery study in 2006, they actually found that both the gastric bypass group and the band group had an increase in alcohol consumption during the seven-year period. However, there was only a significant increase in alcohol use disorder symptoms (which are measured by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) with the bypass.

Dr. Mitchell Roslin, a bariatric surgeon at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City explained the interesting phenomena as such,

“A gastric bypass patient has a small pouch [for a stomach] so alcohol goes straight into the intestine and is absorbed rapidly. When it is absorbed rapidly, there is a high peak and rapid fall, and the higher absorption rate makes alcohol more addictive. Previous studies indicate that, compared with banding, gastric bypass surgery is associated with a higher and quicker elevation of alcohol in the blood.”

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